Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Paradolichopithecus Necrasav, Samson And Radulesco, 1961

Genus of cercopithecines known from the Pliocene of Europe; two species recognized; this genus is very similar to the Asian Procynocephalus and may eventually be included within that genus. It has a mosaic of macaque and baboon traits; the cranium is macaque-like, the teeth and postcrania are baboon-like; limb structure suggests this was a terrestrial monkey. Estimated body mass ranges between 20 and 35 kg. Dental formula: 2.1.3.3; dental morphology suggests a graminivorous diet with tuber and fruit supplements.

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