Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Paviland Cave

Archaeological site found in 1822-3 in Glamorgan, South Wales, dated to 18.5 kya, and that contains numerous mammoth-ivory artifacts and hominid remains including the skeleton of a young male covered with red ochre (the Red Lady of Paviland) and contemporary with the mammoth; the first discovered human fossil known to modern science. The site was first excavated by the Rev. William Buckland, an Oxfordian geologist, who interpreted the skeleton as that of a young Roman-era Welsh girl whose kin made artifacts from the ivory found in the cave. Aka Goat’s Hole, Glamorgan, Kent’s Hole.

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