Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Petralona Cave

Archaeological site found in 1959 near Thessalonika, Khalkidhiki, Greece, dated to earlier than 350 kya (disputed dates range from 620 to 160 kya), and that contains Crenian (early Mousterian) artifacts. Hominid remains found embedded in a stalactite include a mosaic 1220 cm3 cranium, possibly male, with a sharply angled occiput, transverse torus, very thick bones, double-arched supra-orbital torus, and pneumatization. Attributed to the earlier archaic Homo sapiens group, although a few refer to it as a Neandertal. AKA Petralona I.

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