Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Pierolapithecus Catalaunicus Moyà-Solà, Köhler, Alba, Casanovas-Vilar And Galindo, 2004

Partial fossil hominoid found in 2002 at the locality of Barranc de Can Vila near the village of Els Hostalets de Pierola near Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain, dated to 13-12.5 mya (lowermost MN 7/8 biostratigraphic unit Middle Miocene). The hominoid material consists of well-preserved craniofacial, dental and postcranial specimens (83 bones) from a single adult male individual (IPS-21350). No caudal vertebrae were found. Based on characters such as diminished muzzle size with a posteriorly situated glabella, proportions and lack of a cingulum on upper postcanine teeth, a wide and shallow rib cage, chimp-like clavicle indicative of dorsal scapulae, and flexible writsts (but with small hands and straight fingers indicating a lack of suspensory locotomotion), the authors suggest that the new fossil differs from all extant Miocene specimens of fossil great apes, including Griphopithecus, Kenyapithecus, Morotopithecus, Equatorius, and Nacholapothecus.

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