Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Pliopithecidae

Family of hominoids belonging to the infraorder Catarrhini. Known from the middle to late Miocene of Europe and Asia. Some authors include these genera within the Propliopithecidae; the number of recognized genera is disputed, but consists of about four genera and ten species. Small, primitive, diurnal apes that range in size from 5 to 15 kg. Dental formula is 2.1.2.3; the family included both frugivorous and folivorous members. Locomotion was probably arboreal quadrupedalism with limited suspensory ability.

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