Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Prichard, James Cowles

British physician; one of the first to appreciate that human variation is not typological, and to recognize that population pressure culls varieties. He proposed that the first humans may have been black, and other varieties were produced sequentially; this was later modified to include the influence of environment on human variation. Prichard was a monogenist who came very close to recognizing the full implications of both domestic selection and natural selection in Researches into the Physical History of Man (1813). Prichard’s Natural history of Man (1843) synthesized data on the races of humans to that time and had a great influence on the development of anthropology in England.

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