Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Propliopithecus Schlosser, 1910

Genus of catarrhines from the early Oligocene of North Africa belonging to the family Propliopithecidae; three to four species, depending on authority; phylogenetic relationships uncertain, but the members of this genus are often referred to as apes; known from jaws and teeth plus a few postcrania. Estimated body mass ranges from 4 to 6 kg. Dental formula: 2.1.2.3/2.1.2.3; dental morphology resembles that of extant hominoids, but may represent the primitive condition for catarrhines; large sexually dimorphic canines; dentition suggestive of frugivory. Postcranial remains suggest arboreal quadrupedalism.

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