Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Quatrefages De Breau, Jean Louis Armand De (1810-92)

French physician, draftsman, anti-Darwinist; Quatrefages’ anthropological work dates to after his appointment as anthropologist to the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle. Although a committed monogenist (Unité de l’espèce humaine, 1861), Quatrefages held humans separate from the apes, and never acknowledged an ape-human ancestry. His denial of evolution did not conflict with his belief in a great antiquity for humanity, however, and he published extensively on what he saw as the anticipation of racial characteristics in the European hominid fossil record. With Théodore Hamy, he co-authored Crania ethnica (1882) in which they styled the thenknown Neandertal remains (Neander, La Naulette, Cannstatt, and Gibraltar) collectively as a racial variant of modern Europeans. Quatrefages also wrote one of the earliest studies of pygmies, in 1871.

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