Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Ramapithecus Lewis, 1934

Genus now referred to Sivapithecus, but previously touted as the earliest hominid ancestor. The type specimen was a mandible found in the Siwalik Hills of India; in the 1960s it was noted that a maxilla of another genus, Bramapithecus, matched perfectly with the Ramapithecus mandible; thus Bramapithecus was referred to Ramapithecus. During a period of revision in the 1980s it was suggested and accepted by most workers that Ramapithecus was the female of a sexually dimorphic genus, Sivapithecus. Consequently, the species contained within Ramapithecus have been referred to other taxa.

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