Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Rusinga Island

Paleontological site found in 1926, an island in Lake Victoria, Kenya, East Africa, and dated to c. 20-16 mya (early Miocene), containing primate remains of over 500 individual apes including Proconsul, Nyanzapithecus, Victoriapithecus and Dendropithecus. Most of the Rusinga fossils are the result of a single catastrophic eruption of Kisingiri, a mainland volcano, which deposited heavy ashfalls in the region, killing and preserving many of the plants and animals.

See Kiahera Hill, Hiwegi Hill, and Kathwanga Point.

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