Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Saxonella Russell, 1964

Archaic mammal of the Plesiadapiformes family Saxonellidae of the late Paleocene of Europe and North America containing two species; previously included in the family Carpolestidae. Known only from jaws and dental remains. Dental formula: 2.1.3.3/1.0.2.3; plagiaulacoid dentition, but it is the lower third premolar that is bladelike, rather than the lower fourth premolar as found in the carpolestids; body size and dentition suggests diet of some high-calorie food such as insects, seeds, or nuts. Body mass estimated to be between 60 and 90 g.

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