Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Schaaffhausen, Hermann

German physician, anatomist, anthropometrist at Bonn and one of the founders of German physical anthropology; with Johann Fuhlrott, Schaaffhausen described the original Feldhofer Grotto Neandertal fossils, found in 1856. He defended their antiquity against the arguments for pathology lodged by R. Virchow. Schaaffhausen also described the ˇipka and Spy remains, all of which he interpreted as earlier forms of modern humans. He was an ardent evolutionist, and Charles Darwin acknowledged him in the Descent of Man (1872). Schaaffhausen was instrumental in the acceptance of the 1882 Frankfort Agreement that standardized anthropometric landmarks and techniques.

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