Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Simons, Elwyn L.

US paleontologist at Yale, then at the Duke University Primate Center. In the 1960s, on the basis of reconstructed gnathic fragments, Simons and David Pilbeam suggested that Ramapithecus was an early tool-using hominid from the Oligocene; but when a more complete specimen was finally located, the genus compared more favorably to the Sivapithecidae, and Ramapithecus was removed from the Hominidae. More recently, Simons has located and described a dozen new early Oligocene primate fossils from the Egyptian Fayum, including Aegyptopithecus. Simons trained many students who conducted fieldwork during the 1970s-90s. Author of Primate Evolution (1972).

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