Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Simonsius (Parapithecus) Grangeri (Simons, 1972)

Catarrhine from the early Oligocene of North Africa belonging to the anthropoid family Parapithecidae; monotypic; known from jaws and isolated teeth; relationship to later primates uncertain; synonym for Parapithecus grangeri, but separated from Parapithecus based on cladistic analysis, which is not accepted by most workers. Dental formula uncertain, but lower dentition may be 0.1.3.3; the canines are long and tusklike, the molars bilophodont. Diet uncertain, but both folivory and granivory have been suggested. Estimated body mass around 3 kg.

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