Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Sterkfontein

Archaeological site found in 1936 by R. Broom in Gauteng Province, Transvaal, South Africa, with six depositional members dating from more than 3.0 mya to as recently as 1.5 mya. Contains both Oldowan and proto-Acheulean artifacts. Hominid remains, including fragments from between 50 and 600 individuals from several species and at least two genera, have been found at the site (see The lowest, earliest hominid-bearing depositional Member 2 contains the foot bones of little foot (Stw 573). Those Members that date from 3.0-2.4 mya contain the fossils of gracile australopithecines, including Sts

5. The youngest Members date from 2.1-1.5 mya and include the remains of robust australopithecines, habilines, and tools, including possible bone tools, and animal bones possessing alleged cut marks. In South African sites, all Pliocene australopithecines appear to be gracile, whereas all robust forms and habilines appear to be Pleistocene in age. The Pliocene paleoenvironment seems to have been forested, with savanna increasing dramatically after 2.5 mya.

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