Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Sunda Shelf

Shallow shelf of land in southeast Asia, under less than 100 m of sea water but exposed during most of the Pleistocene when sea water was extensively bound up in continental glaciers; the Sunda shelf would have tied the Malayan peninsula to the (now) islands of Sumatra, Borneo and Java, making them one large peninsula accessible to early hominids, as well as to other flora and fauna.

See Sunda trench.

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