Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Tabun Cave

Archaeological site worked during 1929-34 in Mount Carmel near Haifa, Israel, dated to 105 25 kya, and that contains LevalloisoMousterian artifacts. The hominid remains include a partly extended female skeleton, possibly representing a burial, with a cranial capacity of 1270 cm3 -(Tabun I, aka Tabun C1; some consider this specimen to be c. 70 kya), and a larger, possibly male, mandible -(Tabun II, aka Tabun C2; some consider this specimen to be more modern-looking and considerably older, c. 125 kya, than the female skeleton), both attributed to Homo neanderthalensis. Older Yabrudian levels date to 213-151 kya and overlie an even older Tayacianassemblage. Aka Mugharet et-Tabun, the oven.

See Amud, Zuttiyeh, Shanidar, and Dorothy Garrod.

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