Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Trinil

Archaeological site found in 1891 in the Ngawa district on the Solo River in Central Java, dated to 750-500 kya (the lapilli stratum of the Kabuh Formation), and that contains hominid remains that included the 850-940 cm3 Trinil 2 calotte (1891), a few teeth, and the pathological Trinil 3 femur (1894), that were located by Eugene Dubois and assigned to Pithecanthropus (Homo) erectus (originally Anthropopithecus). The teeth associated with Trinil 2 may belong to an orangutan. The pathological Trinil femur (presents exostosis and possibly myositis ossificans) found in 1894 remains controversial; some scientists now think that this femur may be modern, and not associated with the Trinil 2 calotte, found only 10 m away.

See Sambungmacan, paleopathology.

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