Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Vallois, Henri Victor

French anatomist and paleontologist. Vallois, after the death of his mentor Marcellin Boule, became the main proponent of the presapiens hypothesis of human evolution in which Neandertals were considered to be an offshoot of the human species that became extinct without descendants. Examination of Neandertal mtDNA and the recent discovery of Homo antecessor has supported his and Boule’s early views. Author (with Boule) of Les Hommes fossiles: Elements de paléontologie humaine (1952).

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