Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

  • -id > 9:3
   

Villafranchian

Distinctive mammalian fauna of Europe, which appeared suddenly in the Lower Pleistocene, and that includes animals found in highly seasonal, drought-resistant grasslands: elephants (Archidiskodon), true bovines (Leptobus), camels (Camelus), and one-toed horses (Equus). Type site: Villafranca d’Asti, Italy.