Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Vindija (Cave)

Archaeological site found in 1928 near Zagreb in the Hrvatsko Zagorje region, Croatia, dated to 130-114 kya (vertebrates, level k) and 33-28 kya for the G1 occupation layer (AMS radiocarbon). An amino acid racemization date of 42 kya for the G3 level is tentative. The G3 (lower) and G1 (upper) levels contain artifacts that are Mousterian or Moustero-Levalloisian in character; a carved bear baculum from level G1(2) suggests the presence of at least one proto-Aurignacian implement. The hominid remains from levels G3 and G1 include fragments from at least six individuals attributed to Homo neanderthalensis. Some of the hominid fragments are burned and display cut marks that have been cited as evidence of cannibalism. Three AMH specimens can be found in the more recent Vindija upper levels (F complex).

See last of the Neandertals, Mezmaiskaya Cave, and Abrigo do Lagar Velho rockshelter.

Cf. Velika Pećina, Veternica.

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