Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Weidenreich, Franz

German physician and paleontologist; continued the excavations at Zhoukoudian during the 1935-8 seasons, until Japan invaded China; it was Weidenreich’s casts and measurements of these lost fossils that were preserved; he did similar work in Java. Known for his 1943 trellis model of hominid evolution, which depicted Neandertals as ancestral to modern humans (see the Neandertal phase of man hypothesis), a modified form of polygenism. President, AAPA (1944-5); first Viking Fund medalist (1947). Author of Apes, Giants and Man (1946).

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