Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Zhoukoudian

Archaeological site found in 1918 near Beijing (formerly Peking), China. The site represents a collapsed former rockshelter known as the lower cave, dating from about 590-128 kya (with recent occupation by Homo sapiens in the Upper Cave), and that contains over 100,000 chopper/chopping tools and other artifacts and hominid remains, including parts of at least 32 Homo erectus individuals (called, c. 1930, Sinanthropus pekinensis). From the remains on the living floor, it appears that the users of the cave exploited resources such as meat, fruit, eggs, and seeds. Charcoal at the site has been interpreted as evidence for the controlled use of fire. The original fossil material was lost prior to World War II, but extensive castings were saved. An additional calvaria, known as the 1966 skull, was subsequently excavated. Cranial capacities range from 915 cm3 to 1,225 cm3. Individual crania are known simply as skull II, etc. Aka Peking Man, Choukou’tien Man, Zhoukoudian Man, Bejing Man, Locality 1, and hills of the dragons.

See J. G. Andersson, Davidson Black, Pei Wenzhong, Franz Weidenreich, and Wu Rukang.

Cf. Locality 4.

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