Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Artificial Selection

Breeding controlled by humans to alter the genetic characteristics of a domestic population based on the perceived value of those inherited characters. The current forms of most domesticated plant and animal species are the result of centuries of artificial selection. Experiments using this mechanism are one method of studying and understanding the evolutionary process.

See Darwin’s view of domestic selection; also sexual selection, assortative mating, anthropogenic selection, relaxed selection, and directed evolution.

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