Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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1. term applied to groups of certain social mammals, including humans (see band societies). In humans, band size is often between 25 and 35, and is usually composed of closely related individuals.

2. in genetics, an alternating horizontal stripe on a chromatid that has been treated with trypsin or other proteolytic enzyme; after banding, certain bands indicate the presence of heterochromatin, whereas others indicate euchromatin.

See C-banding, G-banding Q-banding, and R-banding

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