Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Infectious disease caused by a rickettsial organism, Bartonella bacilliformis; Rickettsiales. Endemic in the Peruvian highlands, where the sand fly Phlebotomus verrucarum serves as the vector. Reservoirs of infection include arboreal rodents and New World monkeys. After resolution of the acute stage, persistence may result in lesions known as verrugas peruana. Of New World origin, but later exported into the Old World, where the disease reservoir now includes gerbils. Aka Oroya fever, Carrion’s disease.

See leishmaniasis.

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