Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Biological Anthropology

Subfield of anthropology, also referred to as physical anthropology, that focuses upon the biological aspects of human adaptation and evolution, human ancestors, the relationship of humans to other organisms, and patterns of biologic variation within and among human populations; studied by biological anthropologists. Biological anthropology arose in reaction to the traditional interest of race and typology of pre-1950s physical anthropology, and is sometimes referred to as the new physical anthropology. Biological anthropologists emphasize hypothesis testing and field experimentation. One of the results was the incorporation of primatology from zoology. Some workers consider biological anthropology to be that part of the life science branch of anthropology that studies genetics and genetic influences on behavior.

See human evolutionary biology.

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