Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Movement founded in 1920 and later defined by its founder, Nicola Pende, as the science that studies the individual human as an integrated whole or the psychosomatic unity of the individual, i.e. the morphological, physiological, and psychological characteristics of individual human beings. Biotypology has a long history, especially in France. Most such classifications had three or four types. Biotypology has generally been discarded in favor of theories that stress continuous human variation rather than types or categories, and for hypotheses that appreciate both acclimatization and genetic adaptation to environmental variables.

See morphological types.

Cf. somatology.

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