Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Cave Man

Vernacular for a denizen of caves, hypothetical early human(s) who dwelled in caves, particularly during the Pleistocene epoch and especially in the northernmost latitudes. Archaeological evidence supports the idea that Neandertals and Upper Paleolithic peoples probably lived under rockshelters, however, rather than deep in caves per se. Some cave paintings are nevertheless found deep within cave systems, such as at Altamira. Aka cave dweller, troglodyte.

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