Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Area of the mammalian forebrain in both cerebral hemispheres united by the corpus callosum, and that consists of the outermost layer of brain cells whose function is associated with higher forms of memory, learning and intelligence. It also controls instinctual and limbic (emotional) functions. In higher primates the cerebral cortex has expanded to cover the entire brain, and is the largest portion of the central nervous system.

See telencephalon and limbic system.

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