Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Cinchona Bark

Peruvian Indian remedy for malaria and other fevers; named for the wife of a Viceroy of Cinchon who was dramatically cured of a fever; introduced into Europe by Jesuits about 1630 CE; quinine identified as an active ingredient in 1820; Linnaeus named the genus Cinchon and several species, all from South America; transplanted to Africa and southeast Asia primarily by the East India Company. Extract first given as a tea; later mixed with chocolate, tonic water or other media. Other constituents include quinidine.

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