Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Cloning

1. creation of a collection of genetically identical individuals that have been derived from, and are identical to, a single parent; aka whole organism cloning.

2. in biotechnology, cloning usually involves growing genetically identical cloning vectors or host cells, usually bacteria, yeast, or nonhuman mammalian cells grown in culture, which all contain the same piece of inserted recombinant DNA, including the target gene.

See genetic engineering.

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