Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Comparative Anatomy

Discipline within zoology that studies the differences and similarities between species or higher taxonomic groups. Although anatomists dissected other vertebrates since the time of the ancient Greeks, many consider Georges Cuvier to be the founder of comparative anatomy; by its approach comparative anatomy is evolutionary in nature and was used by Darwin as evidence for descent with modification. The use of comparative anatomy is vital when reconstructing fossil species from fragmentary remains.

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