Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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1. hole or cavity made by removal of material from an inner part, as by digging, tunneling, probing, or hollowing.

2. exposing or laying bare, as in the unearthing of an archaeological site. Verb: to excavate. Whereas early excavations generally vandalized sites, even in the late nineteenth century archaeologists began to utilize systematic trench sampling, recorded stratigraphic contexts, and improved artifact preservation techniques.

See archaeology.

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