Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Dietary category applied to animals (folivores) that consume predominantly foliage (i.e. leaves, buds, shoots) during the year or during a particular season. Adjective: folivorous. Many primates supplement their diet with leaves, but it is only the colobine monkeys of Africa and Asia that are specialized folivores consuming mature leaves, while the howlers (Alouatta) of the Americas feed on immature leaves.

See frugivory, granivory, and gummivory.

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