Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Gathering Hypothesis

Response to the Man the Hunter symposium of 1968 after it was revealed that 60-80% of the food obtained by hunters and gatherers was actually supplied by the gathering women (suggesting these peoples should be referred to as gatherer-hunters). The gathering hypothesis was developed by Slocum (nee Linton), Tanner, Zihlman, and others; this model brings attention to the fact that most primates gather plant material, as would have the hominid line, and that gathering plays an important role in the divergence of hominids from the other hominoids, suggests that the earliest tools were used for harvesting wild plants rather than for hunting, and asks what females did and their role in human societies. Aka woman the gatherer model.

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