Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

  • -id > 9:3
   

Genome

Entire genetic material of an organism. The smallest number of linkage groups for a species, in which all the genes of both sexes in a species are represented; in humans this number would be 22 autosomes 1 X chromosome 1 Y chromosome, for a total of 24 possible chromatids; hence usually one more chromatid than a species’ haploid complement. Recently, the term also includes extra-chromosomal DNA (e.g. mtDNA). Aka the basic or monoploid chromatid set.

Cf. chondriome, proteome, and transcriptome.

Full-Text Search Entries

Suggestions from Other Sources

From "Dictionary of Nursing and Individual Health Care"