Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Entire genetic material of an organism. The smallest number of linkage groups for a species, in which all the genes of both sexes in a species are represented; in humans this number would be 22 autosomes 1 X chromosome 1 Y chromosome, for a total of 24 possible chromatids; hence usually one more chromatid than a species’ haploid complement. Recently, the term also includes extra-chromosomal DNA (e.g. mtDNA). Aka the basic or monoploid chromatid set.

Cf. chondriome, proteome, and transcriptome.

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