Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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See phyletic gradualism. Graecopithecus freybergi von Koenigswald, 1972: monotypic genus of hominoids from the late Miocene (12-8 mya) of Greece, belonging to the subfamily Pongidae; known from teeth, jaws, and a facial skeleton. Estimated body mass around 70 kg. Dental formula:; small vertical incisors, reduced canines, thick cap of enamel on the cheek teeth. Dentition suggests a diet of hard gritty morsels. It appears to have inhabited open woodland and grassland environments. This species was originally referred to Sivapithecus meteai; recently some workers have suggested that it is allied with the African apes and hominids.

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