Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Growth Hormone

1. any of several related hormones secreted episodically by the adenohypophysis that regulate mitotic activity and growth of body cells, and that also affect protein, carbohydrate, and lipid metabolism and control the rate of skeletal and visceral growth; an example is human growth hormone. Their secretion is controlled in part by the hypothalamus. Aka somatotropin, somatotrophin, somatotropic hormone, somatotrophic hormone.

2. any substance that stimulates growth, such as a growth factor, e.g. insulin-like growth factor.

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