Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Zea mays, one of the four most important food crops in the world, a domesticated plant food item that originated in both Central and South America. Maize is thought to be an end product of the domestication of teosinte, a wild weedy crop (Zea mexicana); maize (corn) is low in certain necesary nutrients such as niacin, and is classified in the C4 vegetation group.

See pellagra.

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