Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Mitochondrial Eve

Hypothetical female ancestor to all AMHs. Since mtDNA is passed down in a continuous matriline, in the 1980s Berkeley geneticists suggested that the common ancestor of all living humans was a single female and that she lived about 290-140 kya, according to still controversial estimates. Aka Garden of Eden model, out of Africa II model, African Eve, recent replacement model.

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