Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Any of the anthropoid primates that are members of the Infraorder Platyrrhini or the family Cercopithecidae of the Infraorder Catarrhini; any one of the large number of species within the anthropoid primates, which are found almost worldwide, possess tails, usually use all four limbs during locomotion, and are arboreal at least part of the time. Monkeys are usually gregarious. In terms of primate grades, monkeys are smaller and developmentally simpler than hominoids, but are structurally and behaviorally more complex than prosimians.

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