Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Pituitary Gland

Hypophysis; small, pea-sized endocrine gland situated in a bony socket (the sella turcica) in the mid-brain below the hypothalamus; consists of anterior (adenohypophysis) and posterior (neurohypophysis) lobes of differing embryonic origin that function to regulate other endocrine glands. It is attached to the hypothalamus by the infundibulum, and is highly vascularized to promote rapid diffusion of hormones (see pituitary gonadotropic hormones and human growth hormone). Aka cerebral hypophysis, glandula pituitaria, hypophysis, hypophysis cerebri, pituitary body.

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From "Dictionary of Nursing and Individual Health Care"