Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Rare type of polygamous mating system in which there are two or more reproductively active mates (usually related males) acquired by a single reproductively active female during the breeding season; the males may or may not cooperate with the female in raising offspring. In humans, polyandry is found in certain Nepalese demes. In primates, polyandry is found among some of the callitrichids. Aka monothely.

Cf. monandry and polygyny.

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