Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Robust Australopithecine

Member of any of several species of australopithecine with large back teeth, cheekbones, and faces, all of which are anatomic adaptations to heavy chewing. Microwear analysis suggests that their diet included tough, gritty foods that left pits and scratches on their teeth. The robust forms lived in Africa between 2.5 and 1.0 mya and include Paranthropus robustus, P. boisei, and P. aethiopicus.The group is characterized by an average cranial capacity of about 520cm3. Aka Australopithecus spp. See megadont hominids.

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