Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Scavenging Hypothesis

Proposal that early hominids were opportunistic scavengers rather than systematic primary killers of savanna animals, and perhaps that hominids returned to base camps with portions of the scavenged carcass. Assemblages that contain disproportionately high numbers of bones from the neck, shoulders and forelimbs of certain game animals could be considered evidence that hominids were retrieving less desirable portions of animals previously killed by other predators.

Cf. schlepp effect.

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