Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Literally, bull-toothed; describes dentition in which the pulp cavities of molar teeth are enlarged and roots are fused. Noun: taurodontism. The condition is found in cattle, from which the term is derived. Some populations of Homo erectus, Neandertals, and even modern humans, e.g. Arctic Inuit, are taurodont. The condition may reflect toothuse behaviors more than a genetic condition, although modern poly-X females also display the trait.

Cf. cynodont.

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