Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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The major hormone elaborated by the thyroid gland follicular cells, formed from thyroglobulin and transported mainly in the blood serum thyroxine-binding globulin. Its chief function is to increase the rate of cell metabolism; it is also essential for maturation of the central nervous system and the regulation of a number of other functions. Also spelled thyroxin.

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From "Dictionary of Nursing and Individual Health Care"