Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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Typhus

Severe form of infection characterized by malaise, severe headache, sustained high fever, and accompanied by skin discoloration and lesions in the 3rd to 7th days. Such infectious plagues associated with rats, lice, and fleas caused battlefield typhus during European wars from the sixteenth through the twentieth centuries. The agent of typhus is a bacterialike organism, Rickettsia prowazekii. Common names include louse-borne typhus, scrub typhus, India tick typhus, Kenya tick typhus, and murine typhus.

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From "Dictionary of Nursing and Individual Health Care"