Dictionary of Human Evolution and Biology

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1. set of discrete groupings in classification; typologies emphasize average tendencies within a data set, and usually ignore variation within groups. Racial classifications are a form of typological construct.

See folk taxonomy.

2. classification of artifacts by families andgroupsonthebasisof theirformandmodeof manufacture; e.g. stone tool typology.

3. the taxonomic and evolutionary phases (stages) of archaeological research.

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